Publications

In Press

  • Whiffen, J. W., & Karpicke, J. D. (in press). The role of episodic context in retrieval practice effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D. (in press). Concept mapping. In B. Frey (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation. [PDF]

2016

  • Karpicke, J. D. (2016). A powerful way to improve learning and memory. APA Psychological Science Agenda. [Link to Article]
  • Karpicke, J. D., Blunt, J. R., & Smith, M. A. (2016). Retrieval-based learning: Positive effects of retrieval practice in elementary school children. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 350: 1-8. [Link to PDF]
  • Lehman, M., & Karpicke, J. D. (2016). Elaborative retrieval: Do semantic mediators improve memory? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42, 1573-1591. [PDF]
  • Smith, M. A., Blunt, J. R., Whiffen, J. W., & Karpicke, J. D. (2016). Does providing prompts during retrieval practice improve learning? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30, 544-553. [PDF]
  • Weinstein, Y., Nunes, L. D., & Karpicke, J. D. (2016). On the placement of practice questions during study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 22, 72-84. [PDF]

2015

  • Grimaldi, P. J., Poston, L., & Karpicke, J. D. (2015). How does creating a concept map affect item-specific encoding? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41, 1049-1061. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Aue, W. R. (2015). The testing effect is alive and well with complex materials. Educational Psychology Review, 27, 317-326. [PDF]
  • Nunes, L. D., & Karpicke, J. D. (2015). Retrieval-based learning: Research at the interface between cognitive science and education. In R. A. Scott & S. M. Kosslyn (Eds.), Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 1-16). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [PDF]

2014

  • Blunt, J. R., & Karpicke, J. D. (2014). Learning with retrieval-based concept mapping. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 849-858. [PDF]
  • Grimaldi, P. J., & Karpicke, J. D. (2014). Guided retrieval practice of educational materials using automated scoring. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 58-68. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., Blunt, J. R., Smith, M. A., & Karpicke, S. S. (2014). Retrieval-based learning: The need for guided retrieval in elementary school children. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 3, 198-206. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., Lehman, M., & Aue, W. R. (2014). Retrieval-based learning: An episodic context account. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 61 (pp. 237-284). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press. [PDF]
  • Lehman, M., Smith, M. A., & Karpicke, J. D. (2014). Toward an episodic context account of retrieval-based learning: Dissociating retrieval practice and elaboration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 40, 1787-1794. [PDF]
  • Smith, M. A., & Karpicke, J. D. (2014). Retrieval practice with short-answer, multiple-choice, and hybrid tests. Memory, 22, 784-802. [PDF]

2013

  • Karpicke, J. D., & Lehman, M. (2013). Human memory. In D. S. Dunn (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online: Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]
  • Smith, M. A., Roediger, H. L., & Karpicke, J. D. (2013). Covert retrieval practice benefits retention as much as overt retrieval practice.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39, 1712-1725. [PDF]

2012

  • Grimaldi, P. J., & Karpicke, J. D. (2012). When and why do retrieval attempts enhance subsequent encoding? Memory & Cognition, 40, 505-513. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D. (2012). Retrieval-based learning: Active retrieval promotes meaningful learning. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 157-163. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Grimaldi, P. J. (2012). Retrieval-based learning: A perspective for enhancing meaningful learning. Educational Psychology Review, 24, 401-418. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Smith, M. A. (2012). Separate mnemonic effects of retrieval practice and elaborative encoding. Journal of Memory and Language, 67, 17-29. [PDF]

2011

  • Karpicke, J. D., & Bauernschmidt, A. (2011). Spaced retrieval: Absolute spacing enhances learning regardless of relative spacing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 1250-1257. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Blunt, J. R. (2011). Response to comment on “Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping”. Science, 334, 453. [PDF]
  • McCabe, D. P., Roediger, H. L., & Karpicke, J. D. (2011). Automatic processing influences free recall: Converging evidence from the process dissociation procedure and remember-know judgments. Memory & Cognition, 39, 389-402. [PDF]
  • Roediger, H. L., & Karpicke, J. D. (2011). Intricacies of spaced retrieval: A resolution. In A. S. Benjamin (Ed.), Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting: Essays in Honor of Robert A. Bjork (pp. 23-48). New York: Psychology Press. [PDF]

2010

  • Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2010). Is expanding retrieval a superior method for learning text materials? Memory & Cognition, 38, 116-124. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Zaromb, F. M. (2010). Retrieval mode distinguishes the testing effect from the generation effect. Journal of Memory and Language, 62, 227-239. [PDF]
  • Zaromb, F. M., Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2010). Comprehension as a basis for metacognitive judgments: Effects of effort after meaning on recall and metacognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36, 552-557. [PDF]

2009

  • Karpicke, J. D. (2009). Metacognitive control and strategy selection: Deciding to practice retrieval during learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 138, 469-486. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., Butler, A.C., & Roediger, H. L. (2009). Metacognitive strategies in student learning: Do students practice retrieval when they study on their own? Memory, 17, 471-479. [PDF]

2008

  • Agarwal, P. K., Karpicke, J. D., Kang, S. H. K., Roediger, H. L., & McDermott, K. B. (2008). Examining the testing effect with open- and closed-book tests. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 861-876. [PDF]
  • Butler, A. C., Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2008). Correcting a metacognitive error: Feedback increases retention of low confidence correct responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 918-928. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., McCabe, D. P., & Roediger, H. L. (2008). False memories are not surprising: The subjective experience of an associative memory illusion. Journal of Memory and Language, 58, 1065-1079. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2008). The critical importance of retrieval for learning. Science, 319, 966-968. [PDF]

2007

  • Butler, A. C., Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2007). The effect of type and timing of feedback on learning from multiple-choice tests. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 13, 273-281. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2007). Expanding retrieval practice promotes short-term retention, but equally spaced retrieval enhances long-term retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 704-719. [PDF]
  • Karpicke, J. D. & Roediger, H. L. (2007). Repeated retrieval during learning is the key to long-term retention. Journal of Memory and Language, 57, 151-162. [PDF]

2006

  • Roediger, H. L. & Karpicke, J. D. (2006). The power of testing memory: Basic research and implications for educational practice. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 181-210. [PDF]
  • Roediger, H. L., & Karpicke, J. D. (2006). Test-enhanced learning: Taking memory tests improves long-term retention. Psychological Science, 17, 249-255. [PDF]

2005

  • Roediger, H. L., & Karpicke, J. D. (2005). Learning and memory. In K. Kempf-Leonard (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Social Measurement, Vol. 2 (pp. 479-486). San Diego: Academic Press. [PDF]

2004

  • Karpicke, J. D., & Pisoni, D. B. (2004). Using immediate memory span to measure implicit learning. Memory & Cognition, 32, 956-964. [PDF]